Parallel Algorithms In Computational Science And Engineering PDF Book

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Parallel Algorithms in Computational Science and Engineering

Author : Ananth Grama,Ahmed H. Sameh
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2020-07-06
Category : Computers
ISBN : 9783030437367
File Size : 20,8 Mb
Total Download : 175

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Book Summary: This contributed volume highlights two areas of fundamental interest in high-performance computing: core algorithms for important kernels and computationally demanding applications. The first few chapters explore algorithms, numerical techniques, and their parallel formulations for a variety of kernels that arise in applications. The rest of the volume focuses on state-of-the-art applications from diverse domains. By structuring the volume around these two areas, it presents a comprehensive view of the application landscape for high-performance computing, while also enabling readers to develop new applications using the kernels. Readers will learn how to choose the most suitable parallel algorithms for any given application, ensuring that theory and practicality are clearly connected. Applications using these techniques are illustrated in detail, including: Computational materials science and engineering Computational cardiovascular analysis Multiscale analysis of wind turbines and turbomachinery Weather forecasting Machine learning techniques Parallel Algorithms in Computational Science and Engineering will be an ideal reference for applied mathematicians, engineers, computer scientists, and other researchers who utilize high-performance computing in their work.

Parallel Algorithms in Computational Science

Author : Dieter W. Heermann,Anthony N. Burkitt
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-12-06
Category : Science
ISBN : 9783642762659
File Size : 11,8 Mb
Total Download : 188

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Book Summary: Our aim in this book is to present and enlarge upon those aspects of parallel computing that are needed by practitioners of computational science. Today al most all classical sciences, such as mathematics, physics, chemistry and biology, employ numerical methods to help gain insight into nature. In addition to the traditional numerical methods, such as matrix inversions and the like, a whole new field of computational techniques has come to assume central importance, namely the numerical simulation methods. These methods are much less fully developed than those which are usually taught in a standard numerical math ematics course. However, they form a whole new set of tools for research in the physical sciences and are applicable to a very wide range of problems. At the same time there have been not only enormous strides forward in the speed and capability of computers but also dramatic new developments in computer architecture, and particularly in parallel computers. These improvements offer exciting prospects for computer studies of physical systems, and it is the new techniques and methods connected with such computer simulations that we seek to present in this book, particularly in the light of the possibilities opened up by parallel computers. It is clearly not possible at this early stage to write a definitive book on simulation methods and parallel computing.

Parallel Computing: Accelerating Computational Science and Engineering (CSE)

Author : M. Bader,A. Bode,H.-J. Bungartz
Publisher : IOS Press
Release : 2014-03-31
Category : Computers
ISBN : 9781614993810
File Size : 40,8 Mb
Total Download : 133

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Book Summary: Parallel computing has been the enabling technology of high-end machines for many years. Now, it has finally become the ubiquitous key to the efficient use of any kind of multi-processor computer architecture, from smart phones, tablets, embedded systems and cloud computing up to exascale computers. _x000D_ This book presents the proceedings of ParCo2013 – the latest edition of the biennial International Conference on Parallel Computing – held from 10 to 13 September 2013, in Garching, Germany. The conference focused on several key parallel computing areas. Themes included parallel programming models for multi- and manycore CPUs, GPUs, FPGAs and heterogeneous platforms, the performance engineering processes that must be adapted to efficiently use these new and innovative platforms, novel numerical algorithms and approaches to large-scale simulations of problems in science and engineering._x000D_ The conference programme also included twelve mini-symposia (including an industry session and a special PhD Symposium), which comprehensively represented and intensified the discussion of current hot topics in high performance and parallel computing. These special sessions covered large-scale supercomputing, novel challenges arising from parallel architectures (multi-/manycore, heterogeneous platforms, FPGAs), multi-level algorithms as well as multi-scale, multi-physics and multi-dimensional problems._x000D_ It is clear that parallel computing – including the processing of large data sets (“Big Data”) – will remain a persistent driver of research in all fields of innovative computing, which makes this book relevant to all those with an interest in this field.

The Characteristics of Parallel Algorithms

Author : Leah H. Jamieson,Dennis B. Gannon,Robert J. Douglass
Publisher : Mit Press
Release : 1987
Category : Algorithms
ISBN : UOM:39015011995712
File Size : 19,9 Mb
Total Download : 123

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Book Summary: Although there has been a tremendous growth of interest in parallel architecture and parallel processing in recent years, comparatively little work has been done on the problem of characterizing parallelism in programs and algorithms. This book, a collection of original papers, specifically addresses that topic.The editors and two dozen other contributors have produced a work that cuts across numerical analysis, artificial intelligence, and database management, speaking to questions that lie at the heart of current research in these and many other fields of knowledge: How much commonality in algorithm structure is there across problem domains? What attributes of algorithms are the most important in dictating the structure of a parallel algorithm? How can algorithms be matched with languages and architectures? Their book provides an important starting place for a comprehensive taxonomy of parallel algorithms.The authors are all in the Department of Electrical Engineering at Purdue University. Leah H. Jamieson is a professor, Dennis Gannon an associate professor, and Robert Douglass head of Machine Intelligence. The Characteristics of Parallel Algorithms is included in the Scientific Computation Series, edited by Dennis Gannon.

Parallel Processing for Scientific Computing

Author : Michael A. Heroux,Padma Raghavan,Horst D. Simon
Publisher : SIAM
Release : 2006-01-01
Category : Computers
ISBN : 0898718139
File Size : 23,8 Mb
Total Download : 705

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Book Summary: Parallel processing has been an enabling technology in scientific computing for more than 20 years. This book is the first in-depth discussion of parallel computing in 10 years; it reflects the mix of topics that mathematicians, computer scientists, and computational scientists focus on to make parallel processing effective for scientific problems. Presently, the impact of parallel processing on scientific computing varies greatly across disciplines, but it plays a vital role in most problem domains and is absolutely essential in many of them. Parallel Processing for Scientific Computing is divided into four parts: The first concerns performance modeling, analysis, and optimization; the second focuses on parallel algorithms and software for an array of problems common to many modeling and simulation applications; the third emphasizes tools and environments that can ease and enhance the process of application development; and the fourth provides a sampling of applications that require parallel computing for scaling to solve larger and realistic models that can advance science and engineering.

Inherently Parallel Algorithms in Feasibility and Optimization and their Applications

Author : D. Butnariu,S. Reich,Y. Censor
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2001-06-18
Category : Mathematics
ISBN : 0080508766
File Size : 24,8 Mb
Total Download : 635

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Book Summary: The Haifa 2000 Workshop on "Inherently Parallel Algorithms for Feasibility and Optimization and their Applications" brought together top scientists in this area. The objective of the Workshop was to discuss, analyze and compare the latest developments in this fast growing field of applied mathematics and to identify topics of research which are of special interest for industrial applications and for further theoretical study. Inherently parallel algorithms, that is, computational methods which are, by their mathematical nature, parallel, have been studied in various contexts for more than fifty years. However, it was only during the last decade that they have mostly proved their practical usefulness because new generations of computers made their implementation possible in order to solve complex feasibility and optimization problems involving huge amounts of data via parallel processing. These led to an accumulation of computational experience and theoretical information and opened new and challenging questions concerning the behavior of inherently parallel algorithms for feasibility and optimization, their convergence in new environments and in circumstances in which they were not considered before their stability and reliability. Several research groups all over the world focused on these questions and it was the general feeling among scientists involved in this effort that the time has come to survey the latest progress and convey a perspective for further development and concerted scientific investigations. Thus, the editors of this volume, with the support of the Israeli Academy for Sciences and Humanities, took the initiative of organizing a Workshop intended to bring together the leading scientists in the field. The current volume is the Proceedings of the Workshop representing the discussions, debates and communications that took place. Having all that information collected in a single book will provide mathematicians and engineers interested in the theoretical and practical aspects of the inherently parallel algorithms for feasibility and optimization with a tool for determining when, where and which algorithms in this class are fit for solving specific problems, how reliable they are, how they behave and how efficient they were in previous applications. Such a tool will allow software creators to choose ways of better implementing these methods by learning from existing experience.

Scientific Parallel Computing

Author : L. Ridgway Scott,Terry Clark,Babak Bagheri
Publisher : Princeton University Press
Release : 2021-03-09
Category : Computers
ISBN : 9780691227658
File Size : 16,8 Mb
Total Download : 461

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Book Summary: What does Google's management of billions of Web pages have in common with analysis of a genome with billions of nucleotides? Both apply methods that coordinate many processors to accomplish a single task. From mining genomes to the World Wide Web, from modeling financial markets to global weather patterns, parallel computing enables computations that would otherwise be impractical if not impossible with sequential approaches alone. Its fundamental role as an enabler of simulations and data analysis continues an advance in a wide range of application areas. Scientific Parallel Computing is the first textbook to integrate all the fundamentals of parallel computing in a single volume while also providing a basis for a deeper understanding of the subject. Designed for graduate and advanced undergraduate courses in the sciences and in engineering, computer science, and mathematics, it focuses on the three key areas of algorithms, architecture, languages, and their crucial synthesis in performance. The book's computational examples, whose math prerequisites are not beyond the level of advanced calculus, derive from a breadth of topics in scientific and engineering simulation and data analysis. The programming exercises presented early in the book are designed to bring students up to speed quickly, while the book later develops projects challenging enough to guide students toward research questions in the field. The new paradigm of cluster computing is fully addressed. A supporting web site provides access to all the codes and software mentioned in the book, and offers topical information on popular parallel computing systems. Integrates all the fundamentals of parallel computing essential for today's high-performance requirements Ideal for graduate and advanced undergraduate students in the sciences and in engineering, computer science, and mathematics Extensive programming and theoretical exercises enable students to write parallel codes quickly More challenging projects later in the book introduce research questions New paradigm of cluster computing fully addressed Supporting web site provides access to all the codes and software mentioned in the book

Parallel Algorithm Derivation and Program Transformation

Author : Robert Paige,J.H. Reif,Ralph Wachter
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2007-08-28
Category : Computers
ISBN : 9780585273303
File Size : 38,9 Mb
Total Download : 944

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Book Summary: This book contains selected papers from the ONR Workshop on Parallel Algorithm Design and Program Transformation that took place at New York University, Courant Institute, from Aug. 30 to Sept. 1, 1991. The aim of the workshop was to bring together computer scientists in transformational programming and parallel algorithm design in order to encourage a sharing of ideas that might benefit both communities. It was hoped that exposurt: to algorithm design methods developed within the algorithm community would stimulate progress in software development for parallel architectures within the transformational community. It was also hoped that exposure to syntax directed methods and pragmatic programming concerns developed within the transformational community would encourage more realistic theoretical models of parallel architectures and more systematic and algebraic approaches to parallel algorithm design within the algorithm community. The workshop Organizers were Robert Paige, John Reif, and Ralph Wachter. The workshop was sponsored by the Office of Naval Research under grant number N00014-90-J-1421. There were 44 attendees, 28 presentations, and 5 system demonstrations. All attendees were invited to submit a paper for publication in the book. Each submitted paper was refereed by participants from the Workshop. The final decision on publication was made by the editors. There were several motivations for holding the workshop and for publishing papers contributed by its participants. Transformational programming and parallel computation are two emerging fields that may ultimately depend on each other for success.