Ghost Marriage And Widow Inheritance The Problem Of Traditional Customs Facing South Sudanese And African Churches PDF Book

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Hope, Pain & Patience

Author : Friederike Bubenzer,Orly Stern
Publisher : Jacana Media
Release : 2011
Category : Autonomy
ISBN : 9781920196363
File Size : 46,9 Mb
Total Download : 534


Book Summary: "As in many post-conflict countries, the roles played by women during Sudan's long-lasting liberation struggle continue to go unrecognised. Thousands of women joined the southern liberation struggle in response to a political situation that affected whole communities, leaving the comfort and security of their homes not just to accompany their husbands but to fight for freedom, democracy, equity, justice, rights and dignity. As well as playing roles in the fighting, women acted as mothers, teachers and nurses, and filled numerous other roles during the war. The long-standing struggle for the liberation of South Sudan severely altered traditional gender roles as well as the societal structure as a whole. Women also suffered during the war. An increase in HIV, hunger and violence, particularly sexual violence, characterised their lives in Sudan as well as in exile for many years. Life in the post-conflict period continues to be challenging, as women try to carve out a meaningful life in a tenuous peace. This volume documents the lives of different groups of women in South Sudan. It seeks to understand the contributions made by a range of women both during the conflict and today. It describes the women of South Sudan: who they are, what they have experienced, what they hope and feel, what they experienced in the war, and whether the end of the war has brought meaningful change"--Back cover.

World Widows Report

Author : The Loomba Foundation
Publisher : Standard: Information
Release : 2016-02-01
Category : Uncategorized
ISBN : 0993415601
File Size : 23,8 Mb
Total Download : 697


Book Summary: The Loomba Foundation's World Widows Report is the only authoritative comprehensive data source about the discrimination and injustice faced by widows and their dependants country by country and worldwide, informing SDG-era policy formulation by the United Nations and national governments. Key findings include: The global affected population numbers 258m widows with 585m children. Of these, 38m widows live in extreme poverty where basic needs are unmet. Since an earlier Loomba Foundation study in 2010, there has been a significant exacerbation in conflict areas in the Middle East and North Africa, notably the Syrian civil war. Worst affected by conflict are widows in Afghanistan, Iraq, South Sudan, Central African Republic and Syria; by the Boko Haram insurgency, those in northeast Nigeria, southeast Niger, west Chad and north Cameroon. In Sub-Saharan Africa the worst conditions are faced by evicted and abandoned widows with dependants and by those caught up in the Ebola crisis areas, which is further exacerbated by traditional 'cleansing' rituals. Widows with only female children and child widows aged between 10 and 17 face severe discrimination in many developing countries. Social norms around sexual behaviour remain counterproductive with extreme poverty as a driver of 'exchange sex' and 'survival sex' relationships and poor quality healthcare. Widows in western and developed countries have also been affected by cutbacks in social welfare and increased insecurity. Customary 'cleansing' rituals, where widows are required to drink the water with which their dead husband's body has been washed and to have sex with a relative, continue to spread disease and violate the dignity of widows in many Sub-Saharan countries. Widows are regularly accused of killing their husbands either deliberately or through neglect - including by transmitting HIV/AIDS - in India, Nepal, Papua New Guinea and Sub-Saharan Africa. Systematic seizure of property and evictions by the late husband's family remains widespread in Angola, Bangladesh, Botswana, Republic of Congo, DR Congo, India, Ivory Coast, Ghana, Kenya, Lesotho, Malawi, Namibia, Nigeria, Rwanda, Senegal, Swaziland, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia and Zimbabwe. The World Widows Report is published to coincide with the adoption of the Sustainable Development Goals by the United Nations and provides a basis for researchers, international and local agencies, governments and all who care about gender inequality and the desperate plight of widows to develop sound, evidence-based policy for a better world.

African Widows

Author : Michael C. Kirwen
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1979
Category : Levirate
ISBN : UVA:X000158944
File Size : 37,9 Mb
Total Download : 958


Book Summary:

Boy-Wives and Female Husbands

Author : Stephen O. Murray,Will Roscoe
Publisher : State University of New York Press
Release : 2021-04-01
Category : Social Science
ISBN : 9781438484112
File Size : 19,8 Mb
Total Download : 155


Book Summary: A significant contribution to anthropology, history, and gender studies that reveals the denials of homosexuality in traditional and contemporary African societies to be rooted in colonialist ideologies. Among the many myths created about Africa, the claim that homosexuality and gender diversity are absent or incidental is one of the oldest and most enduring. Historians, anthropologists, and many contemporary Africans alike have denied or overlooked African same-sex patterns or claimed that such patterns were introduced by Europeans or Arabs. In fact, same-sex love and nonbinary genders were and are widespread in Africa. Boy-Wives and Female Husbands documents the presence of this diversity in some fifty societies in every region of the continent south of the Sahara. Essays by scholars from a variety of disciplines explore institutionalized marriages between women, same-sex relations between men and boys in colonial work settings, mixed gender roles in east and west Africa, and the emergence of LGBTQ activism in South Africa, which became the first nation in the world to constitutionally ban discrimination based on sexual orientation. Also included are oral histories, folklore, and translations of early ethnographic reports by German and French observers. Boy-Wives and Female Husbands was the first serious study of same-sex sexuality and gender diversity in Africa, and this edition includes a new foreword by Marc Epprecht that underscores the significance of the book for a new generation of African scholars, as well as reflections on the book's genesis by the late Stephen O. Murray. Stephen O. Murray (1950–2019) was an independent scholar who held a PhD in Sociology from the University of Toronto. Will Roscoe is an independent scholar, with a PhD in History of Consciousness from the University of California, Santa Cruz. They are the coeditors of Islamic Homosexualities: Culture, History, and Literature.

Male Roles, Masculinities and Violence

Author : Ingeborg Breines,Robert Connell,Raewyn Connell,Ingrid Eide,Unesco
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2000
Category : Masculinity
ISBN : STANFORD:36105110666471
File Size : 21,9 Mb
Total Download : 777


Book Summary: This book is based on an expert group meeting entitled 'Male Roles and Masculinities in the Perspective of a Culture of Peace', which was organised by UNESCO in Oslo, Norway in 1997, the first international discussion of the connections between men and masculinity and peace and war. The group consisted of researchers, activists, policy makers and administrators and the aim of the meeting was to formulate practical suggestions for change. Chapters in the book consist of both regional case studies and social science research on the connections of traditional masculinity and patriarchy to violence and peace building. The Culture of Peace initiatives in this book show how violence is ineffective, and the book contests the views in the socialisation of boy-children that aggressiveness, violence and force are an acceptable means of expression.

In My Father's House

Author : Kwame Anthony Appiah
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release : 1993-05-27
Category : Social Science
ISBN : 9780199879250
File Size : 49,9 Mb
Total Download : 681


Book Summary: The beating of Rodney King and the resulting riots in South Central Los Angeles. The violent clash between Hasidim and African-Americans in Crown Heights. The boats of Haitian refugees being turned away from the Land of Opportunity. These are among the many racially-charged images that have burst across our television screens in the last year alone, images that show that for all our complacent beliefs in a melting-pot society, race is as much of a problem as ever in America. In this vastly important, widely-acclaimed volume, Kwame Anthony Appiah, a Ghanaian philosopher who now teaches at Harvard, explores, in his words, "the possibilities and pitfalls of an African identity in the late twentieth century." In the process he sheds new light on what it means to be an African-American, on the many preconceptions that have muddled discussions of race, Africa, and Afrocentrism since the end of the nineteenth century, and, in the end, to move beyond the idea of race. In My Father's House is especially wide-ranging, covering everything from Pan Africanism, to the works of early African-American intellectuals such as Alexander Crummell and W.E.B. Du Bois, to the ways in which African identity influences African literature. In his discussion of the latter subject, Appiah demonstrates how attempts to construct a uniquely African literature have ignored not only the inescapable influences that centuries of contact with the West have imposed, but also the multicultural nature of Africa itself. Emphasizing this last point is Appiah's eloquent title essay which offers a fitting finale to the volume. In a moving first-person account of his father's death and funeral in Ghana, Appiah offers a brilliant metaphor for the tension between Africa's aspirations to modernity and its desire to draw on its ancient cultural roots. During the Los Angeles riots, Rodney King appeared on television to make his now famous plea: "People, can we all get along?" In this beautiful, elegantly written volume, Appiah steers us along a path toward answering a question of the utmost importance to us all.

Culture and Customs of Kenya

Author : N. W. Sobania
Publisher : Greenwood Publishing Group
Release : 2003
Category : Ethnology
ISBN : 0313314861
File Size : 17,8 Mb
Total Download : 423


Book Summary: An in-depth survey of the history, culture, and customs of Kenya.