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Fragmented Democracy

Author : Jamila Michener
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2018-03-22
Category : Business & Economics
ISBN : 9781316510193
File Size : 30,9 Mb
Total Download : 571


Book Summary: Because of federalism, Medicaid takes very different forms in different places. This has dramatic and crucial consequences for democratic citizenship.

Myanmar's Fragmented Democracy: Transition Or Illusion?

Author : Felix Thiam Kim Tan
Publisher : World Scientific
Release : 2022-07-14
Category : Political Science
ISBN : 9789811251375
File Size : 21,8 Mb
Total Download : 800


Book Summary: The recent military coup in Myanmar perpetrated by the Tatmadaw has set the country back to the days of political uncertainty and military authoritarianism. This book examines how far the country has come since its nascent attempt at democratic reforms and democratisation in 2010.Each chapter considers some of the more prominent issues that have plagued Myanmar since political reforms started. First, there have been debates about the extent to which democratic reforms have been achieved since the Constitution was formalised in 2008. Second, what has been the significance of the three elections in 2010, 2015 and 2020? Third, how has the National League for Democracy transformed in the past decade? How far has the Union Solidarity and Development Party changed the political landscape? What roles did the Tatmadaw play in the last decade? Fourth, questions surrounding how the ethnic crisis, not least the Rohingya issue, have continued to dominate the country's political landscape in the last decade, thereby overshadowing its democratisation process.Finally, how far have these efforts at democracy demonstrated Myanmar's futile attempts at appeasing the domestic and international audience? Myanmar's relations with the global and regional community vis-à-vis the US, China, and the Association of Southeast Asian Nations have also taken a toll in the last decade. There is already a shift in power politics, especially with China determining the direction of Myanmar.Myanmar has been locked in a perpetual cycle transitioning between military authoritarianism and democratisation. These prevailing issues have led to a fragmented democracy and a lost opportunity to demonstrate its foray into a genuine democracy.

The Future Of Democratic Equality

Author : Joseph M. Schwartz
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2008-10-31
Category : Political Science
ISBN : 9781135944537
File Size : 53,9 Mb
Total Download : 728


Book Summary: 2011 David Easton Award, presented for the best book by the Foundations of Political Theory section of APSA: "The Future of Democratic Equality, by Joseph Schwartz, takes on three tasks, and accomplishes all brilliantly. Any one of these tasks well fulfilled would have been a laudable achievement. First, Schwartz argues for the centrality of the question of equality to democratic politics. Second, he critically analyzes and explains the shocking rise in inequality in the United States over the last three decades. This he does with conceptual clarity, rich interdisciplinary analysis, and a thorough examination of hard socioeconomic data. Third, he assails the near absence of concern for this soaring inequality among contemporary political theorists, and offers a cogent, and stinging, explanation that takes to task the discipline’s preoccupation with difference and identity severed from the pragmatics of democratic equality. The Future of Democratic Equality is a courageous and disciplined effort to tackle a hugely important political problem and intellectual puzzle. It well embodies the spirit of the Easton Book Award by providing well-grounded normative theory targeted to an urgent matter of contemporary concern. It is a must read for anyone who cares about democracy." - Respectfully submitted by Leslie Paul Thiele, University of Florida (chair) and Cary J. Nederman, Texas A&M University Why has contemporary radical political theory remained virtually silent about the stunning rise in inequality in the United States over the past thirty years? Schwartz contends that since the 1980s, most radical theorists shifted their focus away from interrogating social inequality to criticizing the liberal and radical tradition for being inattentive to the role of difference and identity within social life. This critique brought more awareness of the relative autonomy of gender, racial, and sexual oppression. But, as Schwartz argues, it also led many theorists to forget that if difference is institutionalized on a terrain of radical economic inequality, unjust inequalities in social and political power will inevitably persist. Schwartz cautions against a new radical theoretical orthodoxy: that "universal" norms such as equality and solidarity are inherently repressive and homogenizing, whereas particular norms and identities are truly emancipatory. Reducing inequality among Americans, as well as globally, will take a high level of social solidarity--a level far from today's fragmented politics. In focusing the left's attention on the need to reconstruct a governing model that speaks to the aspirations of the majority, Schwartz provocatively applies this vision to such real world political issues as welfare reform, race relations, childcare, and the democratic regulation of the global economy.

Ameru and Their Fragmented Democracy

Author : Tarcisio F. B. Gichunge A. N. D. Richard ALFRED GITONGA
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2020-09-19
Category : Uncategorized
ISBN : 9798687826136
File Size : 23,8 Mb
Total Download : 940


Book Summary: AMERU AND THEIR FRAGMENTED DEMOCRACYThe Ameru community of Meru County in Kenya, were the first people in black Africa who transformed their lives through different Epochs, while they moved from one place to another in history. Ameru were never static in nature; they moved from one place to another due to changing circumstances of their life. They were lucky or unlucky to be involved with other people who chased them from their homes for one reason or another.Their history threads several Epochs from their creation by God in the Middle East, where they were chased by their enemies who wanted to annihilate them. They crossed the Red Sea from the Middle East to Egypt and lived there for many centuries as they advanced in technology to be the builders of the Pyramids, before being forced out by the Libyan mercenaries. Their second long and epic journey ended when they settled in Mboa (Manda Island) Kenya.In Manda Island, Kenya which they named Mboa (new home), they lived for centuries before being disturbed by the people they called Nguuntune (the Portuguese) from 15th, century to 17th, Century. The Portuguese had hunted and captured them as slaves for export to Americas. Through those bumpy and bouncy experiences, they had developed various methods of survival and organization of their governance.The Ameru community embraced actual democratic Government that had three independent arms for its operations. There was the Legislature arm, held by Njurincheke who made laws for the community. There was the Judiciary arm, held by Mugwe who judged and delivered judgments for the cases brought before him on behalf of the aggrieved parties. There was the Executive arm, held by one Kaura O'Becau who performed the role of the administration and advice on all matters that required arbitration.Thus, even before the arrival of the colonizers in Kenya, Ameru of Meru County had their three institutions that governed the affairs of the community in a democratic manner, with the rule of law being paramount.Anywhere, in Africa, it was only in Meru, Kenya where people practiced a "democratic government of the people by the people for the people themselves." However, when civilization and modernization emerged with colonizers taking control of Kenya and eventually Kenya gaining Independence, the Ameru Community's Egalitarianism, Social Equality and Democracy were disintegrated, fragmented and disjointed.You are welcome to read on to discover how that disintegration and fragmentation came about.

Authoritarian Police in Democracy

Author : Yanilda María González
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2020-11-12
Category : Political Science
ISBN : 9781108830393
File Size : 55,8 Mb
Total Download : 850


Book Summary: Explains the persistence of violent, unaccountable policing in democratic contexts.

Laboratories Against Democracy

Author : Jacob Grumbach
Publisher : Princeton University Press
Release : 2022-07-19
Category : Political Science
ISBN : 9780691218458
File Size : 16,8 Mb
Total Download : 857


Book Summary: As national political fights are waged at the state level, democracy itself pays the price Over the past generation, the Democratic and Republican parties have each become nationally coordinated political teams. American political institutions, on the other hand, remain highly decentralized. Laboratories against Democracy shows how national political conflicts are increasingly flowing through the subnational institutions of state politics—with profound consequences for public policy and American democracy. Jacob Grumbach argues that as Congress has become more gridlocked, national partisan and activist groups have shifted their sights to the state level, nationalizing state politics in the process and transforming state governments into the engines of American policymaking. He shows how this has had the ironic consequence of making policy more varied across the states as red and blue party coalitions implement increasingly distinct agendas in areas like health care, reproductive rights, and climate change. The consequences don’t stop there, however. Drawing on a wealth of new data on state policy, public opinion, money in politics, and democratic performance, Grumbach traces how national groups are using state governmental authority to suppress the vote, gerrymander districts, and erode the very foundations of democracy itself. Required reading for this precarious moment in our politics, Laboratories against Democracy reveals how the pursuit of national partisan agendas at the state level has intensified the challenges facing American democracy, and asks whether today’s state governments are mitigating the political crises of our time—or accelerating them.

Media and Politics in New Democracies

Author : Jan Zielonka
Publisher : Oxford University Press, USA
Release : 2015
Category : Political Science
ISBN : 9780198747536
File Size : 48,8 Mb
Total Download : 946


Book Summary: How is power being mediated in new democracies? Can media function independently in the unstable and polarised political environment experienced after the fall of autocracy? Do major shifts in economic and ownership structures help or hinder the quality of the media? How much can new media laws alter old journalistic habits and political cultures? And how do new technologies impact the media and democracy? This book examines these questions, drawing on a vast set of data assembled by a large international project.

Empire of Democracy

Author : Simon Reid-Henry
Publisher : Hachette UK
Release : 2019-06-27
Category : History
ISBN : 9781473670587
File Size : 12,8 Mb
Total Download : 328


Book Summary: 'A dense narrative and a wealth of examples' Literary Review 'Reid-Henry narrates this story with elegance and gusto' Washington Post '[Reid-Henry] conveys an important message: Individual political action must become accountable to society's interests' Kirkus 'Reid-Henry's scholarship is impressive, gathering a wide range of historical anecdotes and referencing a diverse set of thinkers' Publishers Weekly The first panoramic history of the Western world from the 1970s to the present day: Empire of Democracy is the story for those asking how we got to where we are. In this epic narrative of the events that have shaped our own times, Simon Reid-Henry shows how liberal democracy, and Western history with it, was profoundly re-imagined when the postwar Golden Age ended. As the institutions of liberal rule were reinvented, a new generation of politicians emerged: Thatcher, Reagan, Mitterrand, Kohl. The late twentieth-century heyday they oversaw carried the Western democracies triumphantly to victory in the C old War and into the economic boom of the 1990s. But equally it led them into the fiasco of Iraq, to the high drama of the financial crisis in 2007/8, and ultimately to the anti-liberal surge of our own times. The present crisis of liberalism enjoins us to revisit these as yet unscripted decades. The era we have all been living through is closing out, democracy is turning on its axis once again. As this panoramic history poignantly reminds us, the choices we make going forward require us first to come to terms with where we have been.