Down Syndrome One Smart Cookie PDF Book

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Down Syndrome

Author : Todd Eckdahl
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2017-11-21
Category : Science
ISBN : 1944749616
File Size : 21,8 Mb
Total Download : 128

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Book Summary: This book presents Down syndrome, which is the most common chromosomal disorder in humans, occurring at a rate of about 1 in 700 births. The book describes the characteristic physical features caused by Down syndrome and the myriad of symptoms and health complications it brings, including heart defects, congenital vision and hearing loss, abnormalities of the musculoskeletal system, digestive problems, epilepsy, leukemia, an increased risk of infectious disease, intellectual disability, and dementia from Alzheimer's disease. Readers will learn about methods by which Down syndrome can be diagnosed prenatally or at birth. Causes of Down syndrome include errors in the distribution of chromosomes during reproduction, and the effects of extra copies of the approximately 250 genes on chromosome 21. The book describes a positive correlation between maternal age and the risk of Down syndrome. It covers treatments for Down syndrome congenital defects and health complications; approaches to the education of children with Down syndrome; and physical, speech, occupational, and behavioral therapies that benefit children and adults with Down syndrome. Future prospects for the diagnosis and treatment of Down syndrome are presented, including experimental drugs, stem cell therapies, a process by which embryos produced in a clinical laboratory can be screened for Down syndrome before being used to establish a pregnancy, and several Down syndrome gene therapy strategies.

Diseases That Are Preventable by Vaccination

Author : Mary E. Miller
Publisher : Momentum Press
Release : 2019-11-25
Category : Science
ISBN : 9781944749965
File Size : 49,9 Mb
Total Download : 698

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Book Summary: Vaccinations provide an effective way to prevent fatal diseases or reduce their symptoms. This book highlights four infectious diseases: polio, tetanus, measles, and mumps. These four diseases are very harmful to human health and are difficult to treat after the infection because they are caused by a toxin or pathogenic virus. In all four cases, the disease exhibits different modes of transmission and progression of symptoms, which require unique treatment regimens. However, all cases can be prevented by vaccinations administered prior to infection. This book summarizes the symptoms and disease progression of all the four diseases and provides information about the toxin or virus that causes each disease. The ability to harness our immune system through vaccination is discussed in the context of disease prevention. Minor and infrequent risks associated with vaccination are also described, but the very dangerous misconception that vaccines cause autism or other major illnesses is strongly refuted.

Infectious Human Diseases of the Intestine

Author : Mary E. Miller
Publisher : Momentum Press
Release : 2018-11-20
Category : Science
ISBN : 9781944749880
File Size : 13,8 Mb
Total Download : 811

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Book Summary: This book describes the current understanding of symptoms, diagnosis, mode of transmission, and treatments of four important intestinal diseases, taking into consideration the molecular interactions between host cells and infectious agents. Intestinal diseases are a significant health issue worldwide, with varying causative infections resulting in symptoms that range from mild or asymptomatic to death within hours. Understanding the cause of the different forms of intestinal disease is a critical aspect of proper management of these diseases that can save lives. This book describes the current understanding of symptoms, diagnosis, mode of transmission, and treatments of four important intestinal diseases, taking into consideration the molecular interactions between host cells and infectious agents. Specifically, dysentery caused by infection with Entamoeba histolytica, giardiasis caused by infection with Giardia, shigellosis caused by infection with Shigella, and cholera caused by infection with Vibrio cholera, are discussed in each chapter. The author also discusses future work related to prevention and treatment of these critical infectious diseases, given that the eradication of these diseases is unlikely. Awareness of how these diseases are spread and how they can be contained is a growing public health concern, particularly after natural and human-made disasters where public hygiene may be compromised.

Muscular Dystrophy

Author : Todd T. Eckdahl
Publisher : Momentum Press
Release : 2018-08-23
Category : Science
ISBN : 9781944749682
File Size : 34,8 Mb
Total Download : 292

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Book Summary: This book presents muscular dystrophy (MD) as a group of genetic diseases with a worldwide occurrence of about 1 in 3,500 births that causes muscle wasting and weakening. It describes Duchenne MD as the most common type of MD, almost exclusively affecting males at a rate of about 1 in 5,000 boys, and eight rarer types of MD that are categorized by age of onset, muscles affected, disease progression, severity of symptoms, and health complications. The author describes how physical examination, muscle biopsy, medical imaging, and genetic testing is used to diagnose MD He further explains the underlying causes of the various types of MD as mutations in genes that encode proteins needed for the development, function, maintenance, and replacement of muscle cells and illustrates patterns by which they are inherited. There is no treatment that can reverse the progressive deterioration of muscles caused by MD, but the book offers insight into drug treatments and physical therapies that help maintain muscle strength and reduce health complications. It concludes with explanations of promising new ways to treat or perhaps cure MD, including experimental drugs, stem cell therapy, and gene therapy.

Newborn Screening for Genetic Disorders

Author : Todd T. Eckdahl
Publisher : Momentum Press
Release : 2018-12-11
Category : Science
ISBN : 9781944749705
File Size : 26,9 Mb
Total Download : 415

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Book Summary: This book describes newborn screening as a public health program for the early detection of genetic disorders. It presents the recommended uniform screening panel (RUSP), a list of genetic disorders recommended by the U.S. government for states to include in newborn screening programs. The author describes the categorization of RUSP genetic disorders, discusses the symptoms and health complications of examples from each category, and explains clinical laboratory tests used for newborn screening. The book explores the underlying molecular genetic causes of genetic disorders, and how this information is used for genetic testing during newborn screening and diagnosis. It presents the patterns of inheritance of monogenic genetic disorders, and uses hypothetical family scenarios to illustrate them. Treatments and therapies for selected RUSP genetic disorders are described that illustrate the benefits of early diagnosis. The book describes future prospects for the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of genetic disorders detected by newborn screening, including experimental drug treatments, the possibility of newborn genome sequencing, and gene therapy.

Down Syndrome: From Understanding the Neurobiology to Therapy

Author : Anonim
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2012-10-16
Category : Science
ISBN : 9780444543004
File Size : 21,9 Mb
Total Download : 603

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Book Summary: Down syndrome (DS) is the most common example of neurogenetic aneuploid disorder leading to mental retardation. In most cases, DS results from an extra copy of chromosome 21 (HSA21) producing deregulated gene expression in brain that gives raise to subnormal intellectual functioning. The topic of this volume is of broad interest for the neuroscience community, because it tackles the concept of neurogenomics, that is, how the genome as a whole contributes to a neurodevelopmental cognitive disorders, such as DS, and thus to the development, structure and function of the nervous system. This volume of Progress in Brain Research discusses comparative genomics, gene expression atlases of the brain, network genetics, engineered mouse models and applications to human and mouse behavioral and cognitive phenotypes. It brings together scientists of diverse backgrounds, by facilitating the integration of research directed at different levels of biological organization, and by highlighting translational research and the application of the existing scientific knowledge to develop improved DS treatments and cures. Leading authors review the state-of-the-art in their field of investigation and provide their views and perspectives for future research Chapters are extensively referenced to provide readers with a comprehensive list of resources on the topics covered All chapters include comprehensive background information and are written in a clear form that is also accessible to the non-specialist

Genetics and Etiology of Down Syndrome

Author : Subrata Dey
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release : 2011-08-29
Category : Medical
ISBN : 9789533076317
File Size : 19,8 Mb
Total Download : 980

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Book Summary: This book provides a concise yet comprehensive source of current information on Down syndrome. Research workers, scientists, medical graduates and paediatricians will find it an excellent source for reference and review. This book has been divided into four sections, beginning with the Genetics and Etiology and ending with Prenatal Diagnosis and Screening. Inside, you will find state-of-the-art information on: 1. Genetics and Etiology 2. Down syndrome Model 3. Neurologic, Urologic, Dental

Collette in Kindergarten

Author : Collette Divitto
Publisher : Brandylane Publishers, Incorporated
Release : 2021-01-19
Category : Juvenile Fiction
ISBN : 194786064X
File Size : 13,8 Mb
Total Download : 662

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Book Summary: When Collette, a young girl with Down syndrome, begins her first year of school, her bubbly personality helps her make friends right away. Soon, Collette notices these new friends are not inviting her to playdates--but it's not because they don't want to invite her. Collette comes up with a great idea to show her classmates' parents a new way of thinking. Based on the real-life experiences of entrepreneur and activist Collette Divitto, "Collette in Kindergarten" shows us how important it is to practice acceptance throughout our lives, just as children do so freely every day.